宁波高端养生师招聘:帮忙翻译篇计算机类短文,感谢

来源:百度文库 编辑:高考问答 时间:2021/04/11 17:19:19
Achieving the MIS

All firms have an MIS. It might not be computer-based, and it might be lacking in many respects, but there is one. What we are talking about is a computer-based MIS designed to support particular management decision. This goal is achieved by assembling the MIS resources identified earlier. Some firms are farther along in this assembly process it needs. The process of developing an MIS is never ending, as firms strive to take advantage of new technology and methodology. Although much has been accomplished in MIS design in recent years, much more remains to be accomplished. firms will be involved in MIS implementation projects for years to come.

The MIS life cycle

The evolutionary process that is followed in achieving an MIS is called the MIS life cycle. In some respects, the MIS is like a living organism—it is born, it grows and matures, it functions, and sooner or later it dies. A given MIS will eventually be replaced by a newer or better one as the firm’s needs change.
As the MIS develops, it passes through several phases. In Part Five of this book, the MIS life cycle phases are identified as:
Planning
Analysis and design
Implementation
Operation and control

Management responsibility for the MIS

The manager is ultimately responsible for the MIS. She or he is responsible both for developing it and for using it. The information specialist, the systems analyst or programmer, serves as a valuable technical assistant. As the MIS evolves, the manager must plan the life cycle and then control the various specialists as they set out to achieve the new system. After the MIS has been implemented, the manager must control the resources to keep system performance within tolerances. The manager’s overall responsibility and phase-by-phase support of the information specialists is illustrated in figure 1-1.
The information specialists play a vital role in the development of an MIS. They often trigger the manager’s interest in a new system by informing the manager of a new technology or method. The specialist is trained to solve systems problems and knows the correct procedure to follow to convert an ill-defined problem or symptom into a specific description of how the MIS can help solve the problem. Both the manager and the specialist follow this procedure to identify, evaluate, and select alternate solutions and to identify appropriate hardware and software. The specialist recommends a particular system design, but it is the manager’s responsibility to approve implementation. Once the manager makes the decision, it is the information specialist’s responsibility to implement the system.
翻译软件译得不怎么通,有人能人工翻译么?谢谢

实现管理信息系统
所有公司都有一套管理信息系统,很可能它不是基于计算机系统的,而且在很多方面有缺陷,但至少在某一方面它是有价值的。我们这里所讨论的是一台基于管理信息系统并被设计成用来支持特殊的管理决策的计算机,早些时候就已经证明,装备管理信息系统资源的目标已经达成。一些公司在它所需要的这种组装程序上正在更进一步研究。发展管理信息系统的进程远远没有结束,就像公司都争取利用新的技术和方法一样。尽管管理信息系统的设计近年来已经完善,但还是有更多方面在有待完善。公司将为了多年以后而潜心于实现这些工程。
信息管理系统的

随着管理信息系统完成产生的程序的改良被称为管理信息系统的生命周期。在某些方面,管理信息系统就像一个它自己生出来的活的有机体,它生长并且成熟,它的宫能迟早会死亡,
~~~~~~~~下面的没时间了